Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment

In order for an organization to take well-targeted actions that prevent motor vehicle incidents (MVI) and safeguard employees, it must first understand how employees can get hurt while driving for work. Identifying the hazards they encounter, understanding the factors that contribute to crashes and evaluating the associated risks are key steps in an effective road safety program.

This section explains hazard identification and risk assessment processes from a road safety perspective. It provides tools that will help you identify and categorize the hazards your drivers encounter, systematically evaluate the risks and establish priorities to control those risks. There are four parts.

  1. The Basics – definitions and explanations of terms.
  2. Hazard Identification – steps to systematically identify hazards, linked to a hazard inventory and classification tool.
  3. Risk Assessment – two methods for assessing MVI risks plus examples that demonstrate both.
    • Method One: Simple Risk Matrix – this approach uses comparative descriptions of probability and severity to determine risk ranking.
    • Method Two: Quantified Risk Scale this approach involves evaluating three risk components: the frequency of exposure, the probability a crash or other loss will occur and the severity of impacts.
  4. Resources – tools you can use to identify hazards and assess risks, and templates you can modify to fit your organization.

Tool Kits