Hazard Identification

Identifying driving-related hazards involves looking for practices, objects, conditions and energies in your employees’ driving environments that have potential to cause or contribute to a crash.

Hints for Identifying Hazards

If you aren’t sure you know all of the hazards your drivers face, try the following.

  1. Speak with drivers. Find out what practices and conditions they think are “dangerous”.
  2. Go for a ride-along. Experience the hazards first-hand.
  3. Check vehicle inspection reports. What mechanical issues do you see or hear about?
  4. Review near-miss reports and incident investigations. What caused or contributed to those events?
  5. Review vehicle owners’ manuals; watch for “Caution” labels and “Hazard” symbols.
  6. Think about non-routine and high-risk driving circumstances. What dangers are there?
  7. Talk with other employers. What are their biggest road safety challenges?
  8. Who could be harmed? Of course, you’re interested avoiding potential injuries to your employees, but who else could be harmed – their passenger(s), other motorists, pedestrians or cyclists?
Effective hazard identification is a team effort. Involve your employees – supervisors, managers and especially the employees that drive for work. They know the hazards they face, and which ones are of greatest concern. They also have good ideas on how to manage the risks.

The Road Hazard Inventory

Driving is a complex activity. Given the wide variety of hazards your employees encounter, it’s best to use a step-by-step approach to identify and keep track of hazards. If your organization doesn’t already have a method it uses to identify and classify hazards, we recommend using the Road Safety At Work Road Hazard Inventory.

Download Road Hazard Inventory (Excel 12KB)

This worksheet includes a comprehensive list of common driving-related hazards and categorizes them by driver, vehicle and journey.

To build a Road Hazard Inventory that’s customized to your workplace, review the list and choose the hazards that apply to your workplaces and drivers. You can modify any of the descriptions so they more accurately reflect the hazards your employees encounter, and you can add hazards and factors that aren’t already on the list. You can remove hazards that don’t apply. But rather than deleting them, simply strike through them. Even though it’s not a hazard of concern for the current risk assessment, it might be the next time you review your hazard inventory.

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The Basics

Hazard Identification

Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment Methods

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