Effective safe work procedures are essential tools for minimizing exposure to driving-related hazards. And, the key to building safe driving procedures that work is to convert the “best practices” knowledge that experienced drivers use with success into easily understandable instructions that all drivers can and will follow. This section explains how to build effective safe driving procedures.
|What is a safe work procedure?|
|A procedure is an established, correct method for performing a task or function; a series of steps taken to accomplish a desired result. A safe driving procedure recognizes the risks associated with a given task and describes the method a driver will use to accomplish the task in a way that eliminates or minimizes risk of injury.
Procedures are consistent with principles and strategies described in company policy and provide specific “how to” instructions employees can follow as a means to achieve policy objectives.
1. Gather a small, knowledgeable team
People drafting procedures must be familiar with the work-related driving employees undertake, and the hazards they encounter. Together, the team needs to know the range of practical options available to manage associated risks. Involve your drivers, especially those with a reputation for “doing it right”. Include someone who can put good ideas onto paper in a clear and ordered manner.
2. Assemble sufficient resources
Make sure the team has what it needs to succeed. They need time to meet, research and discuss. They will need to consult with management and perhaps external experts. Provide the team with what they need to do a good job.
3. Confirm priorities
Check the results of your risk assessments. Is management involved and on board with paying attention to highest-ranked risks, first? Is the team clear on its goals?
Assemble necessary information
1. Talk to employees that drive for work
Procedures must be practical. If drivers can’t do the things the procedure specifies, it won’t work. Talk with the people you expect to apply the procedure. They know the hazards they face and have good ideas about how to minimize risks. Ask them to describe how they complete that task, and why they do it that way. Even if they are currently using an incorrect procedure, you will gain valuable insight into the hazard that the new procedure needs to address.
2. Ask around
Your organization is likely not the first to draft a procedure for controlling exposure to a given driving hazard. Ask other employers what works for them. Search online. Check with your health and safety association. Take advantage of the resources Road Safety At Work offers.
3. Check existing polices
In order to achieve objectives, procedures need to align with policies. Review your safety program to see how its policies would inform the procedure you are developing. Check with management to make sure policies are current and correct.
4. Check the regulations
Safety regulations are often results-based – they describe result(s) that must be achieved, rather than steps that must be followed to achieve it. However, some regulations have specific requirements that your procedures need to address.
Build your procedure
There is no one “correct” recipe for building safe driving procedures. However, effective safe work procedures share some common characteristics. Consider the guidance below.
Ask key questions
- Why is the organization building this procedure?
- What are the objectives? What should this procedure accomplish?
- Who is going to use the procedure?
- When will this procedure apply?
- Where will this procedure apply?
Break it down
Driving is a complex series of inter-related actions. To analyze the driving circumstance you want to address, break it down into a series of smaller, manageable parts. For example, you will probably be overwhelmed by the prospect of building a procedure for “how to drive a truck for construction work”. If you deconstruct that, you can see your main objective is really to build a procedure for operating ½-ton pickups on busy downtown construction sites. The task becomes much easier to accomplish.
Similarly, if you are developing a procedure for transporting workers from a mustering point to the job site, there are a number of tasks within that job – inspecting the vehicle, travelling to the mustering point, loading passengers, driving to the job site, off-loading passengers, etc. Each task involves specific hazards as well as steps the driver and / or passengers can take to minimize risks. Divide the job into discrete tasks, think about the hazards associated with each one and decide what steps will work best
Have a system
Adopt a methodical, step-by-step approach to understand the hazard and to explain the actions involved in the procedure.
Keep steps in order
Arrange the procedure in a logical, cohesive order. Usually, that means organizing things according to time. For example, if you are developing a procedure to minimize risks of musculoskeletal injuries due to incorrect driving posture, there is a sequence of steps to follow to achieve the best driving position. First, adjust the seat height, then move the seat forward to allow proper pedal control, then adjust then cushion under your knees, then the backrest, etc.
Use a familiar format
If your organization already has a document format that employees like and it works for the company, use it. If you need to develop a format, develop one that you can also apply to other safety documents. Employees more readily accept, understand and apply information they receive in a familiar format.
Use clear language
Short sentences, simple language and clear directions work best.
Use pictures, diagrams or flow charts
It can take several long paragraphs to describe what proper seat adjustment looks like, and yet each reader might interpret them differently. One picture quickly and concisely conveys more information. Because it requires less time to interpret, drivers are more likely to apply graphic information correctly.
Use positive language
Rather than telling drivers what not to do, use affirmative statements and instructions that explain what they are to do. In circumstances where you know drivers commonly make mistakes or do things the “wrong way”, you can pre-empt that using “do not” instructions.
Keep it brief
Procedures need to be as brief as possible, but not so brief that they leave out necessary details. Aim to keep each procedure to one or two pages.
Review the draft procedure
Once your small team is happy with their product, ask a few drivers to review the safe work procedure. Does it make sense? Do they understand what they are expected to do? Can they follow the procedure? Will they? What do the supervisors think? Use their suggestions to make improvements.
No procedure can be effective until it is communicated to employees and they know what they need to do. Try a combination of communication methods.
- Have a supervisor sit down and review the procedure with each affected employee, discuss points important to that driver, answer their questions, and confirm they know how and when to apply the procedure.
- Have supervisors lead tailgate talks to discuss the procedures.
- Post the procedure on the company intranet so employees can review it when they like. Keep a copy of the safe work procedure in the vehicle. Keep a copy of the safety plan where all employees have ready access to it.
- Place a sticker on or in vehicles to remind drivers of critical steps in a procedure.
- Reinforce understanding with an annual “refresher” review and quiz at a safety meeting.
- Nothing communicates a new procedure better than a solid, consistent example by managers, supervisors and safety champions within the company.
Implement the procedure and watch how it goes. Do you see drivers doing what the procedure explains they are to do? Are the measures accomplishing intended outcomes?
Every organization’s driving circumstances evolve. Employees use new routes to new customers. The company buys vehicles with different equipment, technology and features. New hires come on board. The hazards drivers encounter change; so do the actions available to manage them.
Review procedures at least annually. Involve drivers in the conversation. Are you seeing the results you expected? What’s working? What’s not working? Make necessary improvements, and communicate them.
|Safe Work Procedures Commonly Included in a Road Safety Program|
|Listed below are several of the procedures that belong in an effective road safety program. Find examples of some of these are on the “Example Procedures” page. Use the hyperlinks to locate resources that will help you develop other necessary procedures.|